Keynote Speech

Green Methods for Hydrogen Production

Professor Dr. Ibrahim Dincer

Professor of Mechanical Engineering
Faculty of Engineering and Applied Science
University of Ontario Institute of Technology (UOIT)
2000 Simcoe Street North
Oshawa, Ontario L1H 7K4, Canada

Abstract: The need for industrial hydrogen production has drastically increased during the past decade and will continue increasing even further in the next decade. The present economic value of all hydrogen produced worldwide is about $300 billion/year. The annual growth rate is about 10% and is expected to be doubled to 20% by 2012. A key challenge facing this rapid growth is the need for green methods/technologies for hydrogen production. The technology for producing hydrogen from a variety of resources, including renewables, is improving. Hydrogen can be produced as a clean fuel from the world’s sustainable non-fossil primary energy sources such as solar, wind, hydropower, nuclear, biomass and geothermal. Some of hydrogen production technologies, such as steam methane reforming (SMR), are well developed and established for practical use commercially. However, they have some disadvantages. They mainly use natural gas for hydrogen production and release high levels of CO2. On the other hand, fossil fuel prices are anticipated to increase. Clearly, there is a strong and urgent need to find alternative, environmentally benign ways for hydrogen production. The presentation will comprehensively discuss some green (environmentally benign and sustainable) methods for hydrogen production particularly from renewable using thermochemical and hybrid cycles. Such cycles essentially require thermal energy (heat) to disassociate water into hydrogen and oxygen. Some thermodynamic tools (such as energy, exergy, exergoeconomic) will be introduced for better analysis, design and performance improvement. Some life cycle assessment aspects for hydrogen production from renewables will also be discussed. Some case studies will be presented to bring possible potential solutions for the future hydrogen economy.

Brief Biography of the Speaker: Ibrahim Dincer is a full professor of Mechanical Engineering in the Faculty of Engineering and Applied Science at UOIT. Renowned for his pioneering works in the area of sustainable energy technologies he has authored and co-authored numerous books and book chapters, more than 500 refereed journal and conference papers, and many technical reports. He has chaired many national and international conferences, symposia, workshops and technical meetings. He has delivered nearly 150 keynote and invited lectures. He is an active member of various international scientific organizations and societies, and serves as editor-in-chief (for International Journal of Energy Research by Wiley, and International Journal of Exergy and International Journal of Global Warming by Inderscience), associate editor, regional editor, and editorial board member on various prestigious international journals. He is a recipient of several research, teaching and service awards, including the Premier’s research excellence award in Ontario, Canada in 2004. He has made innovative contributions to the understanding and development of sustainable energy technologies and their implementation, particularly through exergy. He has actively been working in the areas of hydrogen and fuel cell technologies, and his group has developed various novel technologies/methods/etc.